Insomnia is known for difficulty in sleeping or staying in sleep.

This can be an acute disorder i.e. short termed (days or weeks) or chronic i.e. long term (months). Acute insomnia is caused due to stressful events and chronic insomnia can be caused due to secondary medicines or psychiatric disorder.

People suffering from insomnia fell sleepy, irritated, anxious, depressed during day and may find difficulties to concentrate. The statistics says the disturbance in sleep is one of the reasons of accidents, irregular at work and dissatisfaction with jobs.

In todays busy life insomnia is very common to see, 30 percent of adults face one or more symptoms of insomnia, About 10 percent of the adults are prone to injury and stress cause of insomnia, about 6 percent of people face insomnia for at least 1 month and other disease or disorders are not the factors of it.

 Secondary problems can also cause insomnia, which is called secondary insomnia. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), headache, sleep disorders which may include restless legs syndrome, Depression, anxiety, or symptoms of menopause which may include hot flashes are the symptoms of secondary insomnia. Studies have shown insomnia can be caused due to exposure to light of computer screen or mobile.

Unlike secondary insomnia primary insomnia is not caused by secondary problems, travelling may be the reason of it and can have long lasting stress.

People suffering from insomnia have problem in sleeping or staying in sleep, they may just stay be awake in bed for a long time and find difficulty in falling asleep, or they may sleep for shorter time or be awake in short time and may feel sleep deprived.

People should speak to their doctor if they feel deprived of sleep and stressful after getting up from sleep or if they feel tired during the day or body is not functioning properly even after getting sleep at night, they can feel insomnia symptoms occasionally if they are stressed about some events.

Old age adults are seen often to have insomnia compared to young age adults. Women can also suffer in sleep deprived more than men due to hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle and in the menopause stage.

Diagnosis

Doctors asks patients list of questions about their sleeping habits during their diagnosis, like how often they face difficult in sleeping and how long it takes to fall in sleep and how many times they wake up in between of sleep and along with this their routines before going to bed.  To answer this question of doctors patients are asked to maintain the notes for week or two. This may help to find the doctors the cause of insomnia like is their any some disturbed routine before you go to sleep or your body is not habitual in sleeping at the particular time.

Doctors may also study your medical history about the medication you consume or the health problems you have or you had with some blood tests, the work or daily chore habits, the mental state, or any event, which had caused stress.

Treatment  

Change in life style can solve the acute insomnia like stop consuming caffeine, sleeping and waking up at the same time every day, not taking heavy meal, exercises and exposure to bright light before sleep.

In the case of chronic insomnia the therapy called cognitive behavioral therapy  may help in controlling the anxiety related to insomnia  and this is proven to be more helpful then medicines. If all the above doesn’t work the medicines are recommended which may be zolpidem (Ambien), eszopiclone (Lunesta), zaleplon (Sonata) or ramelteon (Rozerem). Medication may side effects like sleep walking or driving while sleeping or feels tired next day. Before taking antihistamines you should consult doctor as it has long lasting effect like feeling drowsy next day.