Diabetes is no more a rare disease now. It is seen that every 2 to 3 person is suffering from diabetes.
Diabetes occurs when the sugar level in the blood or the glucose level increases too much. Glucose Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. Glucose comes from the foods you consume. The glucose enters in the cells of your body through a hormone name Insulin giving energy to them. Diabetes is majorly divided into 2 types, that is, Type 1 and Type 2.
In the type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. The occurrence of this type of diabetes is sudden and symptoms are generally not experienced or are mild as compare to type 2. Hence, to detect this type of diabetes is difficult.
In the type 2 diabetes, which is more common, your body does not make or use insulin well.
If insulin is not generated in your body, then glucose stays in your blood. Without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood. In this case you can have pre diabetes, which means that you have high sugar levels compared to normal levels and can increase the risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes if not taken proper medications.
Having too much glucose in your body for a longer period of time can lead to serious problems. It can be harmful to such an extent that it can even cause damage to your kidneys, nerves and eyes. The problem can become so grave that you can even suffer with a heart disease or there might be arise a situation where you have to remove a limb.
Pregnant women can even suffer from diabetes, which is known as gestational diabetes.
Symptoms of Diabetes:
Symptoms of Diabetes may vary from people to people. In some cases, it may happen that no symptoms can be experienced. Below is the list of few of the common symptoms: be no signs.
- Excessive thirst
- Increased hunger
- Weight loss
- Frequent urination
- Lack of interest and concentration
- A tingling sensation
- Numbness in the hands or feet
- Blurred vision
- Frequent infections
- Slow-healing wounds
- Vomiting and stomach pain (often mistaken as the flu)